You have spent decades planning for retirement. Just when you think you have everything figured out and a concrete retirement plan in place, you’re thrown a curveball.
Your employer has offered you an early retirement package. You were planning on retiring in a few years. Now what?
Sure, the offer comes with some extra pay but what else should you consider? How do you begin to evaluate an early retirement offer? Should you accept the offer?
Whether your employer calls it a voluntary severance package, a retirement buyout, or an early retirement offer, your options are the same. You can accept the offer and retire soon with some added benefits, or reject the offer and continue working.
One important note: Although you have been planning for your retirement for decades, you often don’t have long to act when deciding on whether to accept an early retirement offer. Collins Aerospace (formerly Rockwell Collins) employees who received notification of a voluntary severance package in mid-December 2018 had until February 1st, 2019 to decide whether to accept or deny the offer. That left Collins Aerospace employees just 45 days, with the holidays in the middle, to make a very important decision.
If you need help evaluating your early retirement offer immediately, contact us today. We have helped employees of Procter and Gamble (P&G), Rockwell Collins (Collins Aerospace), John Deere, and other companies determine if a voluntary severance package is right for them. We work directly in-person with clients in the Iowa corridor, and we serve clients across the United States virtually.
If you have time and want to begin to weigh the pros and cons of an early retirement offer on your own, here are a few things to consider.
For older workers who had been delaying retirement, or those who were nearing their planned retirement date, an early retirement offer can be a tremendous opportunity.
The early retirement incentives provided by the voluntary separation package may include extended health benefits, a lump sum bonus, future annual payments, added years of service for pension benefits, and more. For someone close to their planned retirement date and in a good position to retire today, an early retirement offer can put them in better financial shape than they would have been otherwise.
However, accepting the offer can also mean lower Social Security benefits, lower pension benefits, increased 401(k) or IRA withdrawals early in retirement, increased health care expenses, and many more complications. Therefore, accepting an offer before you are financially ready to retire can have severe consequences.
The most important factors in your early retirement offer decision are your:
Let’s drill down into some of the most significant aspects of these factors.
Accepting an early retirement offer or voluntary severance package may require you to begin withdrawals from your 401(k), IRA, or other retirement accounts sooner than you originally expected.
Although you do not face any 10% early withdrawal penalties if you are age 55 or older and become separated from employment (this is commonly known as the “Age of 55 Rule”), withdrawing from your retirement accounts early could have a material impact on your long-term net worth.
Extra years of retirement can take a toll on your retirement nest egg. In fact, retiring earlier than planned can result in hundreds of thousands of dollars in extra expenses that your retirement portfolio must now support. It may also limit the growth of your assets already invested since you have to spend instead of save.
Can your retirement portfolio withstand fewer years of contributions and more years of withdrawals? This is the first question you need to answer when making your decision.
When we help clients answer this question, we commonly use monte carlo analysis. This allows us to simulate different scenarios side-by-side, and quickly see the impact accepting – or declining – an early severance offer will have on your financial plan.
For those with adequate retirement account assets in tax deferred retirement savings accounts (like 401(k)s and IRAs), an early retirement offer opens up the potential to save significantly on future taxes.
Those who accept an early retirement buyout offer from their company will likely be facing a year or two of reduced income before Social Security benefits kick in. These years of reduced income can be the perfect time to convert some assets within your 401(k) or traditional IRA into a Roth IRA.
Roth conversions can be an incredibly valuable tool for those who accept an early retirement offer. They can increase asset longevity and reduce total taxes paid during their retirement.
Health care has become one of the largest expenses for a retiree, even with good insurance. For many, a company’s contribution to your family’s health insurance premium is critical to keeping medical insurance and care, affordable.
If you are lucky, your voluntary severance package will extend your Health benefits. Health insurance will be needed until you are age 65 and become eligible for Medicare. However, not all those offered an early retirement package are so lucky.
If you will be on your own paying for health insurance after accepting an early retirement offer, COBRA insurance is always available. COBRA may extend your family’s coverage for up to 18 months. But, this coverage is expensive.
You also have the option of entering the open market for an insurance policy. However, you may be faced with expensive premiums or high deductibles.
Before making a decision about an early retirement offer, determine if your severance package includes any health care benefits. If not, price out other health care options, such as those available on Heathcare.gov. Can the added expenses can be supported with your retirement savings?
One potential consequence of accepting an early retirement offer is a reduction in Social Security benefits. Your future pension payments may also be reduced.
You have probably received your estimated Social Security retirement benefits from a statement that looks like this:
But, if you accept an early retirement package, the benefits listed on your statement is not what you will receive.
These estimated Social Security benefits assume that you continue to work and make your current salary. As a retiree who accepts an early voluntary severance package, your future income will likely be reduced. This means potentially lower future Social Security payments.
Likewise, your pension statement likely makes assumptions on years of service. If you accept an early retirement offer, your years of service may be less than what your pension statement assumes.
So, the first step is to determine what your Social Security or pension benefits will be if you accept the early retirement package.
At Arnold & Mote Wealth Management, we use several different methods to determine your future benefits and your optimal Social Security selection.
If you are evaluating the early retirement offer on your own, you can start by using the Social Security Administration’s Benefits Estimator.
From there, you can enter estimated future income to arrive at an estimated correct Social Security benefit.
Once you have this updated, compare your new estimate to your monthly expenses. What impact will this reduced benefit reduction will have on your retirement plan and anticipated retirement account withdrawals?
Accepting an early retirement offer may force you to tap into your retirement savings, such as your 401(k) or IRA earlier, or it may mean changing when you will need to begin Social Security.
Of course, you have the option to say no to any voluntary severance package.
If you want to continue working, or are unable to retire early, this may be your best option. Working additional years can lead to pay raises, promotions, increased Social Security and pension payments, and increased financial stability.
However, rejecting an early retirement offer has potential drawbacks too.
First, there is no guarantee that the company will repeat the early retirement offer in the future. Assuming that another offer will come later is not always as wise move.
Second, and more importantly, realize that a company offering an early severance package to their employees is doing so to cut costs. If the company’s finances do not improve, there may be much worse outcomes in the future. The company may make layoffs, reduce employee pay, or eliminate other benefits.
At Arnold and Mote Wealth Management, we are here to help you with this important decision. We are one of the few fiduciary, fee-only financial planners in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa City area.
Contact us today for a free consultation and let us show how we can help you plan for retirement!
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